Thursday, July 11, 2013

PROJECT: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

PROJECT REPORT




EFFECTIVENESS OF MULTIMEDIA PAKAGE        
ON  ACHIEVEMENT OF  SECONDARY  SCHOOL CHILDREN IN ENGLISH

  

 FRONT PAGES

1.       Acknowledgement
2.       Declaration
3.       Certificate
  

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.     TITLE OF THE STUDY
2.     INTRODUCTION
3.     OBJECTIVES AND HYPOTHESES  OF THE STUDY
4.     METHODS AND PRECEDURES
5.     DATA COLLECTION
6.     ANALYSIS
7.     FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION
8.     REFERENCES
9.     APPENDICES
                                                   -----------
1.0. TITLE OF THE STUDY
EFFECTIVENESS OF MULTI MEDIA PACKAGE ON THE ACHIEVEMENT OF  SECONDARY SCHOOL CHILDREN 
2.0.INTRODUCTION
The present study is an experimental one. The  investigator  wants to study the effectiveness of multimedia pakage   to improve the achievement of secondary  school children  in English.
3.1.NEED  AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY  
The period of secondary   education of a child’s life is roughly between the ages of  9 -16 is really important in its own right. – and in preparing them for life and  later learning . Many important strides in linguistic competence are  made from ages 6 to 14 the primary middle and high school classes. Proficiency in English unravel the vista of knowledge  to the child   and achievement in English  is crucial to future  learning.  AV aids are widely used by  of  teachers   in English classrooms for effective teaching.
3.2.PRESENT STATUS OF THE STUDY
 (A short review of the related literature should be added here. )
  Even though some studies are initiated on the effectiveness of multimedia packages on the achievement of students in other subjects, there is a dearth of studies in this field.
 Hence there is a  need for  experimentation  and  evaluating   its effectiveness in comparison with and  traditional methods  in the context of secondary  schools of Ernakulam District  in  Kerala state.
                   Hence the need of  step by step  implementation  on an  experimental way and  evaluating  its effectiveness in comparison with   traditional methods, and hence the relevance of the present study.
3.3.CONCLUSION
Review of the related literature shows that even though  some  work is initiated in the area in Indian contex,  there is  a lack of substantial evidence of   literature in utilizing these facilities for the students with learning disorders in Indian context.  There is a  lot of scope for continuing the work  initiated by earlier investigators.  Hence  the need  of the present study.

Hence the investigator   conduced t an experimental study of the effectiveness of    the multimedia package  with the effectiveness of the traditional face to face teaching  for the secondary  school children in Ernakulam District  in Kerala.
3.4.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
EFFECTIVENESS OF INDIVIDUALIZED   LEARNING PROGRAMME       ON THE ACHIEVEMENT OF  LIFE SKILLS OF THE LEARNING DISABLED   PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN  OF ERNAKULAM DISTRICT

4.0.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are delineated as under:-
1) To prepare  multimedia package   for  secondary  children in    Ernakulam district   in Kerala
2) To evaluate the effectiveness of the  multimedia package   to improve the achievement of  secondary school children    in Ernakulam District  in Kerala.
4.1.HYPOTHESIS  OF THE STUDY
There will be significant difference between the pre test scores and  the post test scores of  achievement  of the students in  English   in the secondary schools  of  Ernakulam district   in Kerala.

5.0.METHODS AND PROCEDURES
5.1.DESIGN
PRE-TEST  - Administration of  measuring tools.
TREATMENT-  intervention  with  multimedia package
 POST-TEST– Administration of the measuring tools
5.2.SAMPLE
All the  children in VIII  standard of   St. Mary’s School, Ernakulam school were  the sample.
5.3.TOOLS  EMPLOYED
Being an experimental study , the investigator  employed  two types of tools namely 1) treatment tools 2) Measuring tools. The tools were prepared and administered in English
  TREATMENT TOOLS
Self -designed multimedia package   in the form of a Teacher’s Kit (e- resources, and soft wares)   in English was  prepared by the investigator.
MEASURING TOOLS  : The Results  in  achievement test in English
5.4.PROCEDURE OF STUDY
PHASE I
STAGE 1 -  Review of the Literature,
STAGE 2-Introduction  and Tool Preparation
PHASE II
STAGE 3-   sampling, data collection and Intervention
 STAGE 4- Inference and findings
STAGE 5- Report Writing
6.0.DATA COLLECTION
The data of   sample were  collected  on two occasions. A)Before the treatment  and  after the treatment.
6.1.STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES  USED
To measure the effectiveness of  multimedia package   on the achievement  of the secondary  school, both Descriptive and  Inferential statistics were  used.
Descriptive Statistics –It means cumulative frequency percentage , bar diagram, ogive curves  on the various  dimensions, were  calculated.
Inferential Statistics- Critical ratio or ‘ t’ was  used to find out the significance of the difference between the means in order to reject or retain the null hypotheses.
7.0.ANALYSIS
The data collected  were analyzed  under the following hypotheses in view. The scores of the pre-test and post-test in English  were tabulated to statistical analysis to find out the tenability of the following hypothesis.
7.1.HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY
There will be significant difference between the pre test scores and  the post test scores of  achievement  of the students in  English   in the secondary schools  of  Ernakulam district   in Kerala.

7.2.COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PRE-TEST SCORES AND POST TEST SCORES OF   ACHIEVEMENT  OF THE SAMPLE   
To find out whether there is any significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of experimental  group, the mean and standard deviation of the pre-test scores of 30 students in  Standard  IX were obtained and critical ratios found out. The data and result on the test of significance in difference between means are given in table 7.1
         Table 7.1
The Mean and standard deviation of the pre-test post-test scores of Experimental  group:-
ns-not significant at .01 level
control
No: of pupils
Mean
Standard deviation
Degrees of Freedom
Calculated t value
Table t value at .01 level
Pre Test
30
5.133
2.3405

58

1.8613

2.66 ns
Post test
30
6.23
2.235
Result of comparison of pre-test and post-test scores of   experimental  group given in the table 7.1 shows that calculated t value (1.8613) is less than the table value (2.66) at 0.01 level. Hence accept the null hypothesis and reject the alternate hypothesis. So there is no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of control group. The results indicate that there is no improvement in the achievement scores of students in English   by using the  multimedia package  after intervention.
Graphical representation of pre test post-test scores of sample
   

                           Figure 7.1
8.0.FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION
8.1.MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY
                    The major findings of the study  were obtained by using the analysis of the data:
HYPOTHESIS  OF THE STUDY WAS: There will be significant difference between the pre test scores and  the post test scores of  achievement  of the students in  English   in the secondary schools  of  Ernakulam district   in Kerala.
Result of comparison of pre-test and post-test scores of  Achievement test   given in the table 7.1 shows that calculated t value (1.8613) is less than the table value (2.66)) at 0.01 level. Hence accept the null hypothesis and reject the alternate hypothesis. So there is no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of Achievement in English. The results indicate that there is no improvement in the achievement scores of students in English  by using the multimedia package   after intervention
8.2.CONCLUSION
          The influence of the extraneous variables in the study  can be  controlled   for a better result .  In-service and pre-service training in  multimedia packages can be   provided to the teachers.
Some of the possible areas where future research can be done are:
1)     The study can be extended to a large sample, in order to examine the reliability and to ensure general applicability of findings.
2)    The study can be conducted  in different subjects  at all level of education from primary to higher education

3)    The study can be done in a large sample of students belonging to different groups of gender, locality, culture, learning ability, intelligence.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Books and Journals
1.     Anitha , MP(2009) ,Life Skill Education :Perception and Reactions,International Educator 21:2 December’09.

2.     Roy,Marin.et.al.,(2008),Supporting Students Online:A Report to The Senior Management, Collaborative Project :A Report, Centre for Educational Studies,The University of Hull, U.K.


Websites

3.     Bruner, Jerome(1983). “Education as Social Invention”. Journal of Social Issues, 1983, v39, pp.129-141.VA(online http://www.newfoundations.com/GALLERY/Bruner.html accessed 10/12/08).

4.     Clay and Cazden, (1990) A Framework for Early Childhood
Computer Supported Cooperative Learning (CSCL)
VA (online
http://www.uea.ac.uk/menu/acad_depts/edu/learn/morphett/index.htm accessed 10/12/2008).

5.     Felder,R.M.,(2008) ,Index Of Learning Styles (ILS),VA(online- http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSpage.html - accessed 7/12/08).


6.     Rajasekar,S.(2008) Editorial: Improving Strategies for Teacher Learning, e-journal of All India Association for Educational research   (AIAER) (2008) ISSN-0970—9327  , VOL.19    Nos:  3 & 4  September  &  December, 2007 , VA(online-  http://www.aiaer.net/ejournal/vol19207/1.Editorial.htm -accessed 7/12/08).


7.     Radhakrishna, G.  and  Saxena, A.,(2005) Application of Cognitive Dissonance Theory to reduce drop outs in distance education system, ICDE International Conference,  New Delhi,V A(online- http://www.ignou.ac.in/icde2005 -accessed 7/12/08).

8.     Ryder,.M.,(2008), Constructivism,2008,VA(online - http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/constructivism.html accessed 12/12/08).

APPENDICES
1.Achievement Test in English

2. Multimedia Packages

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